The kidneys are one of the major organs in the body that filter waste and excess fluid from the blood. As kidneys fail, waste builds up since the kidneys are damaged and can't filter as well. This can cause swelling in your ankles, nausea, weakness, poor sleep, and shortness of breath.
Types of kidney diseases
Acute kidney disease is when your kidneys suddenly stop working.
There are several reasons for this:
- Not enough blood flow to the kidneys
- Direct damage to the kidneys
- Urine backed up in the kidneys
Chronic kidney disease is when there is gradual loss of kidney function over time. Diabetes and high blood pressure, are the main cause of this